Symptoms Of Osteoporosis

Associated Risk Factors

By: - Disease & Illness - February 17, 2011
symptoms of osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a common bone disease where the bones mineral density (BMD) keeps decreasing with age. In other words, in patients suffering from this disease the bones become thinner and weaker with age and many of them are fragile and can be easily broken.

Osteoporosis is classified into two types: Type1 and Type2.

Type1: Type1 osteoporosis is most commonly seen in elderly women over 50 years of age who undergo menopause. After menopause the BMD decreases rapidly due to the decrease in production of hormone estrogen. Usually women lose 1% of BMD every year after the age of 35 years and women who have early menopause and smaller body structure are subject to greater risk. Therefore, Type1 osteoporosis is also known as postmenopausal osteoporosis. Also, women who consume high amounts of alcohol, or caffeine, undergo surgery to remove ovaries; hyperthyroidism and calcium deficiency are more prone to osteoporosis.

Type 2: Type 2 osteoporosis is seen in both in men and women and can arise at any age.
This type of disease occurs in men mainly due to use of steroid medications, heavy intake of alcohol and caffeine and low testosterone levels.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis:

Osteoporosis can occur without any symptoms and therefore it is also referred as the “silent disease”. Many people identify the disease after they experience bone fractures with a gentle fall. The most common symptoms of osteoporosis that are associated in the later stages are:
1. Height loss due to a weakened spine. Person suffering from this disease may lose up to 6 inches of height.
2. Cramps in the arms and leg bones
3. Fragile bones
4. Neck and shoulder muscle pain
5. Constant pain in the spine and lower back
6. Tooth decay and they easily break teeth
7. Pain in the abdomen and ribs.
8. Easily breakable finger nails
9. Fatigue.

Osteoporosis Risk Factors:

Osteoporosis risk factors can be split into controllable and non-controllable.
Controllable: One can control excessive intake of alcohol and caffeine in the early stages of life to prevent osteoporosis. Calcium and vitamin D are necessary for proper bone growth. Therefore, one should take a sufficient amount of calcium and vitamin D throughout their life span. One can build strong and healthy bones by eating calcium rich foods, having a balanced diet and proper exercise throughout life.

Non-controllable: One cannot control some of the osteoporosis risk factors such as gender since women are more prone to osteoporosis, age, small body structure, and a family history of osteoporosis.

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