Genetic Engineering Pros And Cons

How Much Is Too Much?

By: - Science - May 8, 2011
genetic engineering pros and cons

One of the first uses for genetic engineering was to produce insulin, which regulates your fats and carbohydrates, and is very important for patients with diabetes. Any discussion of genetic engineering pros and cons should include this fact. It was a revolutionary and new method of using genetic materials.

A negative aspect of genetic engineering is that some of it enables scientists to create and manipulate animals and other organisms in unnatural ways. Along with human genetic engineering, these are considered unnatural by some people. In addition, the engineered organisms can spread into nature, and alter the biological organism chain we know now.

Genetic engineering was used in the creation of HGH, or human growth hormones. In addition, many medications and vaccines have made life better for modern man. One of the greatest uses for human genetic engineering may be gene therapy, or the replacement of defective genes with genes that are functioning properly. This can be helpful in cases concerning genetic disorders and immune deficiency.

Genetically engineered foods are brought about when we prevent herbicides and insects from infecting crops, and improve the protection of the food against conditions that may be harmful. This ensures that the crops will maintain the best value of nutrition. Plants also develop better growth and a resistance to some parasites and diseases.

There are various genetic engineering pros and cons, that come up in discussion of the many ways it is used. Some countries hide the fact that they grow genetically modified food sources. People have a right to know if their food has been modified, so that they can avoid it if they are against the process. Genetically modified foods may have impacts on our environment that haven’t been confirmed yet, and they may have unforeseen effects on human health.

One of the most divisive areas of genetic manipulation is human genetic engineering. Changing the genes in crops and plants is one thing, but changing the genes in humans is seen as something totally different. This is the area where the most discussion is held. There are many more unknown effects about what happens in cases of genetic engineering as it applies to humans.

People who are in support of foods that are genetically altered point out that these foods can help people who live in areas where the soil does not permit proper crop growth. In discussing genetic engineering pros and cons, this is a positive thing, since it can help stamp out world hunger. But on the other side of the debate are the people who worry that mixing genes of different plants together may have ill effects on the humans who consume them.